The Abyss: Resurrecting Deep-Sea Biology in the Mid Twentieth Century

Author: Eric L. Mills Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University (Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada) History of Science and Technology Programme, University of King’s College (Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada) Abstract After the publication of the last Challenger Report in 1895, deep-sea biology fell out of favor with marine biologists. It was replaced by embryology and physiology in… Read More The Abyss: Resurrecting Deep-Sea Biology in the Mid Twentieth Century

The Origin of Oceans

Alfred Wegener’s theory of “continental drift” directs attention to the origin of the continents, and in Wegener’s first publication on the topic this emphasis was reflected in the title: Die Entstehung der Kontinente (1912). By 1915, Wegener’s thinking had already evolved to an understanding that the “origin of continents,” was also, of necessity, the “origin… Read More The Origin of Oceans

Fisheries Politics Masked as Science

Is Maximum Sustainable Yield a tool of science or of diplomacy? For the world’s fish populations, the concept has stood for years as a working blend of economic goals and conservation principles. The word “sustainable” lends it a particular respectability in our environmental age. It purports to answer the burning question about how many fish… Read More Fisheries Politics Masked as Science

Communicating the History of Oceanography: An Experiment

In 1971, the department of chemistry at Stanford University produced a short educational film unlike any made before. If you’ve taken a college biology course (since 1971) the odds are good that you watched this film in class – and that you remember it. The video begins with a formal introduction by Nobel Prize winning chemist… Read More Communicating the History of Oceanography: An Experiment

How might marine scientists and historians benefit from collaboration?

Note: The following text first appeared in issue 2 of Deep-Sea Life, an informal publication for INDEEP, the International network for the scientific investigation of deep-sea ecosystems. Get your copy here. Since I first wrote this piece, the Journal of Environmental History has published a response by HMAP on the Marine Forum which can be found here.… Read More How might marine scientists and historians benefit from collaboration?